Different Types of German Spitz: A Comprehensive Guide

Different Types of German Spitz

German Spitz dogs are a fascinating breed known for their distinctive appearance and lively personalities. Originating from Germany, these dogs have been companions to humans for centuries. 

Despite their name, German Spitz dogs come in various types, each with its unique characteristics and traits. 

In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the different types of German Spitz, shedding light on their history, physical attributes, temperaments, and care requirements.

The Origins of German Spitz

To understand the different types of German Spitz, it’s essential to delve into the breed’s origins. The German Spitz is a member of the Spitz family, which includes various breeds characterized by their fox-like faces, fluffy double coats, and curled tails. The Spitz dogs trace their roots back to the Arctic region, where they were bred to endure harsh climates.

German Spitz dogs specifically have a long history in Germany, where they were cherished as companions and watchdogs. Over the centuries, different varieties of German Spitz evolved, each adapted to specific roles and environments. These dogs became popular among both the aristocracy and common folk, earning a reputation for their loyalty, intelligence, and agility.

The 5 Varieties of German Spitz

1. Wolfsspitz (Keeshond)


The Wolfsspitz, also known as the Keeshond, is one of the most well-known types of German Spitz. Recognized by its distinctive “spectacles” – markings and shading around the eyes – the Keeshond has a luxurious double coat that consists of a dense, fluffy undercoat and longer guard hairs. The coat forms a prominent mane around the neck.

Keeshonds are medium-sized dogs with a compact and sturdy build. They are known for their alert and friendly nature, making them excellent family companions. Despite their thick coats, Keeshonds do not require excessive grooming. Regular brushing is sufficient to maintain their beautiful appearance.

2. Großspitz (Giant Spitz)


The Großspitz, or Giant Spitz, is the largest among the German Spitz varieties. These majestic dogs are known for their robust build, pointed ears, and a thick double coat that forms a distinctive ruff around their neck. Despite their size, Großspitz dogs are agile and energetic.

Giant Spitz dogs are renowned for their versatility. They excel in various activities, including obedience, agility, and even as therapy dogs. Their intelligence and trainability make them well-suited for a range of roles. Due to their size, they may require more exercise than other German Spitz varieties.

3. Mittelspitz (Standard/ Medium Spitz)


The Mittelspitz, or Medium Spitz, is a well-balanced and elegant member of the German Spitz family. They possess a fox-like face, small erect ears, and a curled tail carried over their back. Mittelspitz dogs have a dense double coat that comes in various colors, including cream, black, orange, and sable.

Known for their friendly and sociable nature, Mittelspitz dogs make excellent companions for families and individuals alike. They adapt well to different living situations, whether in apartments or houses with yards. Regular grooming is necessary to keep their coats in optimal condition, and they benefit from daily exercise to expend their energy.

4. Zwergspitz (Pomeranian)


The Zwergspitz, commonly known as the Pomeranian, is the smallest variety of German Spitz. Despite their diminutive size, Pomeranians are characterized by their lively and extroverted personalities. They have a foxy face, erect ears, and a plume-like tail carried high over their backs.

Pomeranians are known for their intelligence and agility. Despite their toy size, they often exhibit confidence and may not be aware of their small stature. Regular grooming is essential for maintaining their luxurious double coat, and their playful nature makes them suitable for families with older children.

5. Kleinspitz (Miniature/Small Spitz)


The Kleinspitz, or Miniature Spitz, falls between the Mittelspitz and Zwergspitz in terms of size. They share the typical Spitz characteristics, including a fox-like face, small erect ears, and a curled tail. The Kleinspitz has a moderate build and is known for its agility and intelligence.

These dogs make excellent companions for families and individuals with an active lifestyle. They enjoy mental stimulation, so incorporating training and interactive play is beneficial for their well-being. Regular grooming is necessary to maintain their double coat, and they thrive in environments where they receive attention and exercise.

Temperament and Behavior Traits of German Spitz

While each type of German Spitz has its unique physical characteristics, they share common temperament traits that make them beloved pets. German Spitz dogs are known for their:

1. Intelligence:

German Spitz dogs are highly intelligent and quick learners. They thrive on mental stimulation and enjoy activities that challenge their minds. Training these dogs can be a rewarding experience due to their eagerness to please and ability to grasp commands.

2. Alertness:

Being descendants of watchdogs, German Spitz breeds are naturally alert and make excellent watchdogs. They have a keen sense of their surroundings and will alert their owners to any perceived threats or changes in their environment.

3. Sociability:

German Spitz dogs are social creatures that form strong bonds with their families. They are often good with children and other pets when properly socialized from a young age. Their friendly nature makes them adaptable to various living situations.

4. Playfulness:

All varieties of German Spitz are playful and energetic. They enjoy interactive play sessions and outdoor activities. Regular exercise is crucial to prevent boredom and ensure their well-being.

5. Independence:

While affectionate, German Spitz dogs also have a degree of independence. They appreciate having their own space and may not always demand constant attention. This trait makes them suitable for individuals who value both companionship and independence in their pets.

Caring for German Spitz Dogs

Proper care is essential to ensure the health and well-being of German Spitz dogs. Here are some guidelines for caring for these wonderful companions:

1. Grooming:

Regular grooming is crucial for all German Spitz varieties due to their double coats. Brushing at least a few times a week helps prevent matting and reduces shedding. During shedding seasons, more frequent brushing may be necessary. Additionally, routine tasks such as nail trimming, ear cleaning, and dental care should be part of the grooming routine.

2. Exercise:

German Spitz dogs are energetic and require regular exercise to stay healthy and happy. Daily walks, playtime, and interactive activities are essential to meet their physical and mental stimulation needs. Outdoor adventures, such as hiking or agility training, can be particularly enjoyable for these versatile dogs.

3. Training:

Start training German Spitz dogs early to harness their intelligence and eagerness to please. Positive reinforcement techniques work well with these breeds. Socialization is equally important to ensure they grow up to be well-mannered and comfortable in various situations.

4. Nutrition:

Provide a balanced and nutritious diet suitable for the size and age of your German Spitz. Consult with your veterinarian to determine the best diet plan, taking into consideration factors such as activity level and any specific health concerns.

5. Regular Veterinary Check-ups:

Regular veterinary check-ups are crucial to monitor the overall health of your German Spitz. Vaccinations, parasite control, and dental care should be part of the routine veterinary care to ensure a long and healthy life.


German Spitz dogs are a captivating breed with a rich history and diverse variations. Whether you choose the regal Giant Spitz, the playful Pomeranian, or any other type, you’re sure to be enchanted by their intelligence, loyalty, and charm. 

Understanding the unique characteristics of each variety is key to providing the best care and companionship for these remarkable dogs. As you embark on the journey of having a German Spitz as a part of your family, you’ll discover the joy and fulfillment that comes with sharing your life with these delightful canine companions.

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Hello there! I'm Madhav Mantri, the person behind this PetSavvy Solution blog. I'm a digital marketer and a pet enthusiast too! I spend my time making sure everything here is interesting and helpful for you and your pets. I love sharing cool stuff about pets, from the latest trends to heartwarming stories and useful tips to keep our furry friends happy and healthy.

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